Text Marit Synnøve Vea
Few Viking Age buildings are found in Norway
It is found many prehistoric buildings in Norway, both from the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Nevertheless, the finds of houses from the Viking Age are quite few. Had it not been for the many finds from Viking burials and depots, one could have believed that Norway experienced a significant population decline during this period.
The researchers speculate on why we so seldom find buildings from the Viking Age. Some think it is because Viking Age buildings were located at the same place as the present-day farm houses and still can be find underneath these. Others believe that we are looking for the wrong type of building techniques. If, for example, notching technique were common building practice earlier than expected, it will be more difficult to find notched house than houses with underground pillars.
Service house 1
The Service house is set down near the sea. The shape of this building is based on archaeological finds from Ytre Moa, Sogn.
The building material is pine and oak. The roof is covered with turf.
The inside of this building hides the modern necessities that is required to use the Viking Farm today. Here you can find toilets, showers and storerooms.
Service house 2
This house is used as office building for those who work at the Viking Farm.
This building is built as a traditional frame-built house. It is used as lodging for school children that visit the Viking Farm. The house has a small window with muscovite in the gable.
There are found several such houses with straight walls during excavations of the “Viking towns”. Such houses were however not common on Norwegian farms in the Viking Age. As far as anyone can tell from a scant material, curved walls were the dominating feature on Norwegian Viking farmsteads.
Sheds and storerooms
Several places on the farm you find small building used for various purposes. Some are tool sheds, some are used as storerooms some are used as workshops, some are used when there are animals on the farm etc.
By the sea, close to the service house, you will find a modern quay that can receive larger boats.